Lemhi-Shoshone contributions which saved the Lewis & Clark Expedition more than once:
Thorium deposits worth trillions :: Located on the Original Lemhi Valley Indian Reservation >>
Old Toby Monument Dedication :: North Fork, Idaho
Eagle Rock :: Castle Rock Reserve :: Boise woman works to protect Castle Rock Reserve and burial ground site
Special Features & Articles focusing on Sacajawea's people from the Salmon, Idaho area
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Face of Gold - Randy'L Teton - The Modern Face of Sacajawea
Idaho Public Television - Echoes of a Bitter Crossing
Swooping Eagle - aka - Old Toby - Lemhi-Shoshone guide :: August 16, 1805
Sacajawea is reunited with her people the Lemhi Shoshone soon Sacajawea recognizes her brother Chief Camehwait - emotional reunion. Sacajawea facilitates the dialogue to assist the expedition to acquire the essential horses and guide, to continue with the expedition over Lost Trail Pass.
Sacajawea continues with the expedition, the promises of guns made by the Lewis and Clark Exp. to the Lemhi Shoshone is eminent on the expedition's success. Old Toby was also directed to assist the expedition to the Nez Perce through the lands of the Flatheads. (The guns never came)
If Lewis & Clark would have tried to cross the Rockies without a guide, they would have perished for certain. The Lemhi-Shoshone provided them Old Toby and he guided them through the Bitterroot mountains.
Gary Moulton, author of The Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, cites John Rees in a 1958 Idaho Yesterdays article entitled "The Shoshone Contribution to Lewis and Clark" for information regarding Old Toby's Indian name. Old Toby was derived from "Tobe", an abbreviation of Tosa-tive koo-be, which means "furnished white white-man brains". This name referred to his service as the Expedition's guide from the Lemhi Valley down the Salmon River and over Lost Trail Pass. Moulton explains that the double reference to "white white-man" is to distinguish the rest of the party from York, who was a "black white-man". Rees cites Toby's real name as Pikee Queen-ah or Swooping Eagle.
Old Toby Monument Dedication Ceremony :: August 15, 2009
Heritage Days 2009 begins at 9:30 am, Saturday August 15 in the town of North Fork, where a new Old Toby Monument Dedication Ceremony will be held at the intersection of US Highway 93 and the Salmon River Road (near the North Fork Store).
Old Toby was a Lemhi Shoshone who served as a guide to the Lewis and Clark Expedition after Sacajawea was reunited with her people in August 1805. The original monument was placed in the 1930's and dedicated by Senator William Borah and Congressman Compton White, and was later demolished during construction work on Highway 93.
Thanks to the efforts of Lemhi County residents Seth Goodman, and his father John, a new monument has been constructed, upon which the old plaques have been re-attached. On hand for the ceremony will also be members of the Idaho Governor's Lewis and Clark Trail Committee, which provided some of the funding for the new monument.
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